Cultural Practices for Athletic Fields: Mowing

Mowing is important to turfgrass because it maintains top growth within specified limits, controls undesirable vegetation intolerant to mowing, sustains turfgrasses and produces a functional athletic surface for sports fields. Height of Cut Optimal mowing height depends on the type of grass, use and the time of year. A standard rule in the industry for [...]

Cultural Practices for Athletic Fields: Irrigation and Water Conservation

Turfgrass plants need water to survive. Plants access moisture through precipitation, irrigation and capillary flow. Plants lose moisture through evaporation, transpiration and drainage. To aid precipitation and capillary flow, and to make up for what is lost to evaporation, transpiration and drainage, water is supplied to turfgrass areas via irrigation. Irrigation is important for healthy turfgrass growth [...]

Cultural Practices for Athletic Fields: Fertility

Turfgrass fertilization is one of the most important cultural practices needed to maintain a healthy, dense stand of turf. The practice is especially important given the amount of traffic and intensity of use of many sports fields. However, as with any practice, there are limits to how much fertilization is required, and excessive fertilizer applications [...]

Cultural Practices on Athletic Fields: Soil Cultivation and Topdressing

Soil Cultivation Soil cultivation is the process of breaking up and loosening the soil in a controlled fashion to allow air, water and nutrients to penetrate the rootzone. Soil cultivation is one of the most important cultural practices for maintained turfgrass areas, but also one of the most underutilized cultural practices. A field that is [...]

Cultural Practices for Athletic Fields: Seeding/Sprigging/Sodding

Seeding Seeding can be used to establish new fields or to overseed existing fields. When establishing a field from seed, consider time of year to ensure plant survival. In addition, consider germination period to be sure plants are mature before the field is used. Overseeding can occur throughout the year to fill in bare areas [...]

Cultural Practices for Athletic Fields: Organic and IPM Practices

Organic Practices for Athletic Fields Organic management involves the use of all natural, non-synthetic substances. Synthetic substances and some materials of natural origin are becoming increasingly restricted or prohibited depending on the active ingredient and geographic location. There are currently no national standards concerning organic management for turf or land care. However, individual states have [...]

Turfgrass Weeds, Diseases and Insects

Turfgrass Weeds Weeds are described as plants growing where they are not wanted. They can disrupt the appearance of maintained turfgrass surfaces. In addition, they compete with desired turfgrasses for space, water, nutrients and light. Turf weeds may be grasses, grass-like plants (rushes and sedges), or broadleaf plants with annual, biennial and/or perennial life cycles. [...]