University Publications

Turfgrass Identification and Selection

Turfgrass Identification - Kansas State University
The Cool Season Turfgrasses: Identification - Penn State University

Turfgrass Selection - Kansas State University
Selection of Grasses for Athletic Fields - University of Kentucky
Turfgrass Species - University of California
Cool Season Grass Cultivars for Athletic Fields - University of Missouri
Cool Season Turfgrasses for Sports Fields and Recreational Areas - Ohio State University
The Cool Season Turfgrasses: Basic Structures, Growth, and Development - Penn State University
Selecting Kentucky Bluegrass Varieties for Athletic Fields - Iowa State University
Kentucky bluegrasses for Sports Turf - University of Massachusetts
Characteristics of Kentucky bluegrass Cultivars - University of Massachusetts
Fine fescues: Low Maintenance Species for Turf - Rutgers University
Turfgrass Selection - Bluegrasses - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Selection - Fescues - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Selection - Ryegrasses - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Selection - Bermudagrass - University of Tennessee
Bermudagrass for Athletic Fields - University of Missouri

Turfgrasses for New Mexico - New Mexico State University
Turfgrass Species for Pennsylvania - Penn State University
Tall Fescue Varieties for New Jersey Sports Fields - Rutgers University
Kentucky bluegrass Varieties for New Jersey Sports Fields - Rutgers University
Perennial ryegrass Varieties for New Jersey Sports Fields - Rutgers University
2010-2011 Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendations - Virginia Tech


Cultural Practices

Optimizing Cultural Practices to Improve Athletic Field Performance - Michigan State University
Basic Turfgrass Requirements - University of Tennessee
Winter Management and Recovery Tips to Optimize Athletic Field Safety and Performance for Spring Sports - Virginia Tech

Turfgrass Mowing - Kansas State University
Mowing Turfgrasses - Penn State University
Mowing - University of Tennessee
Mowers - University of Tennessee

Recycling Turfgrass Clippings - Penn State University
Minimizing Waste Disposal: Grass Clippings - Rutgers University
Mowing to Recycle Grass Clippings: Let the Clips Fall Where They May! - Virginia Tech

Rolling - University of Tennessee

Athletic Field Coring and Topdressing Table - Iowa State University
Aeration of Turfgrass Areas - Penn State University
Cultivation - University of Tennessee
Topdressing - University of Tennessee

Athletic Field Seeding Schedule - Iowa State University
Pre-germinated Divot Mix for Repairing Athletic Fields - Iowa State University
Turfgrass Seed and Seed Mixtures - Penn State University
Overseeding Bermudagrass Sports Fields - University of Kentucky


Soil Testing

Soil Sampling and Analysis - University of Arizona
Directions for Soil Sample Collection - Cornell University
Soil Fertility Test Interpretation - Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, and Calcium - Rutgers University


Water

UMass Guidelines for Watering Turf - University of Massachusetts
Management Tips to Improve Turfgrass Drought Survival - University of Massachusetts
Water - The Boondoggle for Native Soil Sports Fields - University of Kentucky
Sports Field Irrigation - University of Kentucky
Best Management Practices for Non Agricultural Irrigation - Michigan State University
Turfgrass Irrigation Module - Michigan State University
A Practical Guide to Managing Irrigations on Turfgrass - New Mexico State University
Principles of Turfgrass Irrigation - Penn State University
Irrigation Water Quality Guidelines for Turfgrass Sites - Penn State University
Irrigation - University of Tennessee
Water Reuse: Using Reclaimed Water for Irrigation - Virginia Tech
Water Requirements of North Carolina Turfgrasses - North Carolina State University
Water Quality and Professional Turf Managers - North Carolina State University
Florida Green Industries - Best Management Practices for Protection of Water Resources in Florida - University of Florida


Construction / Establishment / Renovation

Procedure for Selecting a Sand Rootzone - Iowa State University
Athletic Field Construction and Establishment - University of Kentucky
Building and Maintaining Soccer Fields in Indiana - Purdue University
Constructing Better Athletic Fields - Louisiana State University
The Built Up Sand Capped Athletic Field System - Michigan State University
Athletic Fields - Specification Outline, Construction, and Maintenance - Penn State University

Turfgrass Establishment - New Mexico State University
Turfgrass Establishment - Penn State University
Turfgrass Establishment Procedures for Sports Fields - Rutgers University
Turfgrass Establishment: Preparing to Plant - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Establishment: Seeding - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Establishment: Sodding and Plugging - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Establishment: Sprigging - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Establishment: Turfgrass Seed - University of Tennessee
Turfgrass Establishment: When to Plant Turfgrasses - University of Tennessee
Establishing Seeded Bermudagrass on Lawns, Golf Courses or Athletic Fields - University of Arkansas
Bermudagrass Grow-In - University of Missouri

Summer Bermudagrass Renovation - Vegetative Varieties - University of Kentucky
Renovating Sports Fields with Seeded Bermuda - University of Kentucky
Overseeding Bermudagrass with Perennial Ryegrass - Penn State University


Costs / Budget

Athletic Field Construction, Renovation, and Maintenance Costs - Iowa State University
Costs of Managing a Bermudagrass Football Field - University of Tennessee

Tips for Athletic Field Management on a Limited Budget - Iowa State University


Maintenance Calendars

A Turf Management Calendar for Georgia - University of Georgia
A Generic Football Field Maintenance Program - Iowa State University
A Generic Football Field Maintenance Program 2 - Iowa State University
Athletic Field Care Tips - Iowa State Univeristy
End of Season Practices for Athletic Fields - Iowa State University
Bermudagrass Football Fields - Kansas State University
Managing Fescue Football Fields - Kansas State University
Bermudagrass Polo Fields - Basic Maintenance Program - University of Kentucky
Athletic Field Maintenance Program for Overseeded Bermuda - University of Kentucky
Athletic Field Maintenance Program for Non-Overseeded Bermuda - University of Kentucky
Athletic Field Maintenance Program for Tall Fescue and Perennial Ryegrass Fields - University of Kentucky
Cool Season Grass Athletic Field Maintenance Program - University of Kentucky
Bermudagrass Athletic Field Maintenance Program - University of Kentucky
Turf Maintenance for Athletic Fields - Louisiana State University
Suggested Maintenance Calendar for Bermudagrass Athletic Fields - Louisiana State University
Fall Turf Maintenance - University of Massachusetts
General Guidelines for Athletic Field Maintenance of Cool Season Grasses - University of Missouri
Maintenance Guidelines for a Bermudagrass Athletic Field - University of Missouri
Bermudagrass Athletic Field Maintenance Calendar - North Carolina State University
Tall Fescue and Kentucky Bluegrass Athletic Field Maintenance Calendar - North Carolina State University
Standard Guide for Maintaining Sports Fields and Recreational Turf in Ohio - Ohio State University
Turfgrass Management of Bermudagrass Football Fields - Oklahoma State University
Building and Maintaining Soccer Fields in Indiana - Purdue University
Bermudagrass for Athletic Fields in Southern Indiana and Southern Illinois - Purdue University
Maintaining Athletic Fields - Rutgers University
Bermudagrass Athletic Field Management Calendar - University of Tennessee
Maintenance for Sand Base Fields - Washington State University
Maintenance for Soil Base Soccer Fields - Washington State University
Maintenance Calendar for Cool Season Turfgrasses in Virginia - Virginia Tech
Maintenance Calendar for Warm Season Turfgrasses in Virginia - Virginia Tech


Field Issues

Athletic Field Traffic Survey and Quality Assessment - Iowa State University
Grass System Response to Traffic and Recovery - Iowa State University
Spring Renovation of Traffic Damaged, Weed Infested Football and Soccer Fields - University of Kentucky
Sports Turf Traffic - How Much is Too Much? - University of Kentucky
Maximizing the Durability of Athletic Fields - North Carolina State University

Does Fungicide Usage Increase Thatch Accumulation in Turf? - University of Kentucky
Thatch Control in Lawns and Turf - University of Minnesota
Thatch Prevention and Control - University of Nebraska
Thatch Management in Turf - Rutgers University
Thatch - University of Tennessee

Managing Turfgrass in the Shade in Oklahoma - Oklahoma State University
Growing Turf Under Shaded Conditions - Penn State University


General Pest Information

Ornamental, Tree, and Turf Pest Control Training Manual - University of Arkansas
Pesticide Storage, Safety, and Disposal - University of Arkansas
Common Insect and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals in Alabama - Auburn University
2009 Pest Control Guidelines for Professional Turfgrass Managers - Clemson University
2010 Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Turfgrass - Cornell University
2009 Pest Control Guide for Turfgrass Managers - University of Florida
2010 Turfgrass Pest Control Recommendations for Professionals - University of Georgia
Turf IPM Program for Schools - Turf Maintenance Schedule - Iowa State University
Training Manual for Ornamental and Turf Pest Control - University of Kentucky
Turfgrass Pest Management Manual - North Carolina State University
2010 Pest Control for Professional Turfgrass Managers - North Carolina State University
Developing an Integrated Pest Management Program - Penn State University
Pest Control Recommendations for Lawn and Turf Areas, 2006 - Rutgers University


Weeds

Weed Control Training Manual - University of Arkansas
2010 Turfgrass Weed Control for Professionals - University of Arkansas
Weed Photo Gallery - University of California
Integrated Weed Management - University of California
Sensitivity of Turf Species to Herbicides - University of California
Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control - University of California
Herbicide Treatment Table - University of California
Controlling Winter Weeds on Bermudagrass Athletic Fields - University of Kentucky
Athletic Weed Control Calendar - Louisiana State University
Perennial Grass Weeds and Their Control in Cool Season Turf - University of Maryland
2009 New England Guide to Weed Control in Turfgrass - University of Massachusetts
Weed Control in Lawns and Other Turf - University of Minnesota
IPM - Turfgrass and Weeds - University of Missouri
Turf Weed Control - University of Missouri
Guide for Weed Management in Nebraska - University of Nebraska
Control of Summer Annual Grass Weeds in Turfgrasses - Penn State University
Broadleaf Weed Control in Cool Season Turfgrasses - Rutgers University
Crabgrass and Goosegrass Control in Cool Season Turfgrass - Rutgers University
2005 Weed Management Recommendations for Professional Turfgrass Managers - University of Tennessee


Diseases

Arkansas Plant Disease Control Products Guide - University of Arkansas
Chemical Control of Turfgrass Diseases 2010 - University of Kentucky
Reducing the Risk of Resistance to Fungicides Used to Control Diseases of Turfgrasses - University of Kentucky
Destructive Diseases Common on Turfgrasses in Kentucky - University of Kentucky
Diagnosing Common Lawn and Athletic Field Diseases - University of Maryland
Commonly Used Turfgrass Fungicides and the Diseases they are Labeled to Control - University of Massachusetts
Chemical Classes and Modes of Action of Fungicides Registered for Use on Turfgrasses - University of Massachusetts
Tolerance of Kentucky Bluegrass and Tall Fescue to Low and High Temperature Diseases - University of Massachusetts
Diseases of Warm Season Grasses - North Carolina State University
Diseases of Cool Season Grasses - North Carolina State University
Seasonal Activity of Turfgrass Pathogens - Purdue University


Insects

Insecticide Recommendations for Arkansas - University of Arkansas
Monitoring and Treating Insects and Mites - University of California
IPM - Turfgrass and Insects - University of Missouri
Insect Management in Turf - North Carolina State University
Turfgrass Insect Management - Purdue University
Commercial Turfgrass Insect Control - University of Tennessee


Calculations and Calibration

Practical Math for the Turfgrass Professional - University of Arkansas
Calibration of Equipment for Applying Fertilizers and Pesticides to Turfgrass - Auburn University
Calibrating Sprayers and Spreaders for Athletic Fields and Golf Courses - University of Missouri
The Calibration of Turfgrass Boom Sprayers and Spreaders - North Carolina State University
Calibrating Your Fertilizer Spreader - Penn State University


Baseball / Softball

Construction and Maintenance of Skinned Sports Surfaces - University of Kentucky
Maintaining Skinned Areas - Louisiana State University
Infield Soil Mixes - Just How Much Sand Do I Need? - University of Missouri
Infield Mixes for Baseball and Softball Infields - University of Missouri
Baseball Field Layout and Construction - North Carolina State University
Skin Surface Selection and Management for Baseball and Softball Fields - Rutgers University


Synthetic Fields

Evaluation of Playing Surface Characteristics of Various Infilled Systems - Penn State University
Snow Removal from Synthetic Infilled Systems - Penn State University
Survival of Staphylococcus aureus on Synthetic Turf - Penn State University


Field and Facility Safety

Athletic Field Safety and Maintenance Checklist - Iowa State University
Turfgrass Management, Athletic Field Conditions, and Injuries in High School Football - Penn State University


Winter Preparation

Winter Turf Covers - University of Kentucky
Protecting Bermudagrass from Excessive Winterkill - University of Kentucky


Turfgrass Nutrients

Urban Nutrient Handbook - Virginia Tech
Developing a Turf Fertilization Plan - University of Tennessee
Essential Elements - University of Tennessee
Fertilizers - University of Tennessee
A Guide to Turfgrass Nutrient Recommendations - Based on Kansas State University Soil Test Results - Kansas State University
Nutrient Management Guidelines for State Property and Commercially Managed Turfgrass - University of Maryland
Late Fall Fertilization of Athletic Fields - Penn State University
Best Management Practices for Nutrient Management of Turf in New Jersey - Rutgers University
Managing Soil pH for Turfgrasses - Rutgers University
Understanding Fertilizer Labels - Rutgers University
Nutrient Management of Land Applied Grass Clippings - Rutgers University

Liming Turfgrass Areas - Penn State University
Agricultural Liming Materials - Rutgers University
Liming - University of Tennessee
Soil Acidity and Liming for Agricultural Soils - North Carolina State University

Using Gypsum in Southwestern Soils - University of Arizona
Applying Gypsum in Iowa - Iowa State University
Gypsum Use on Turfgrasses - University of Maryland

Evaluation of Spent Mushroom Substrate as a Topdressing to Established Turf - Penn State University

Understanding the Phosphonate Products - Penn State University

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