Turfgrass Insects, Weeds, and Diseases

Click below for information on common turfgrass pests - weeds, diseases, and insects:

Common Turfgrass Weeds
Weed Identification Resources
Turfgrass Weed Control Information

Common Turfgrass Diseases
Turfgrass Disease Control Information

Common Turfgrass Insects
Turfgrass Insect Control Information

General Turfgrass Pest Resources

Common Turfgrass Weeds

Common Broadleaf Weeds, Grassy Weeds, and Sedges

Annual Bluegrass
Annual Sedge

Black Medic
Broadleaf Dock
Broadleaf Plantain
Buckhorn Plantain
Bull Thistle

Canada Thistle
Common Chickweed
Common Mallow
Common Mullien
Crabgrass (Smooth)
Creeping Bentgrass
Creeping Speedwell
Creeping Woodsorrel
Curly Dock

Downy Brome

English Daisy

Fall Panicum
Field Bindweed

Green Foxtail
Ground Ivy




Mouse Ear Chickweed
Musk Thistle


Oxeye Daisy

Peppergrass/Virginia Pepperweed
Pineapple Weed
Prickly Lettuce
Prostrate Knotweed
Prostrate Spurge
Puncture Vine


Red Sorrel

Shepard's Purse 
Spotted Spurge
Star of Bethlehem

Thymeleaf Speedwell

Venice Mallow
Virginia Buttonweed

Western Salsify
White Clover
Wild Carrot
Wild Garlic
Wild Onion
Wild Strawberry 

Yellow Foxtail
Yellow Nutsedge
Yellow Rocket
Yellow Woodsorrel/Oxalis

Weed Identification Resources

Georgia Turf Weed Management
MSU Turf Weeds.net
NCSU Turf Weed Identification
Penn State Plant ID
Tennessee Turfgrass Weed Identification
UC IPM Turfgrass Weeds
Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide

Turfgrass Weed Control Information

Weed Control Training Manual - University of Arkansas
Integrated Weed Management - University of California
Sensitivity of Turf Species to Herbicides - University of California
Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control - University of California
Herbicide Treatment Table - University of California
Controlling Winter Weeds on Bermudagrass Athletic Fields - University of Kentucky
Athletic Weed Control Calendar - Louisiana State University
Guide to Controlling Weeds in Cool Season Turf - University of Maryland
Identification and Control of Perennial Grassy Weeds - Purdue University
Weed Control in Lawns and Other Turf - University of Minnesota
IPM - Turfgrass and Weeds - University of Missouri
Turf Weed Control - University of Missouri
Guide for Weed Management in Nebraska - University of Nebraska
Control of Summer Annual Grass Weeds in Turfgrasses - Penn State University
Broadleaf Weed Control in Cool Season Turfgrasses - Rutgers University
Crabgrass and Goosegrass Control in Cool Season Turfgrass - Rutgers University

Common Turfgrass Diseases

Anthracnose Foliar Blight / Basal Rot 

Brown Blight 
Brown Patch / Large Patch / Rhizoctonia Blight 

Copper Spot 

Damping Off / Seed Rot 
Dollar Spot 

Fairy Ring 

Gray Leaf Spot / Blast 
Gray Snow Mold 

Leaf Blotch 
Leaf Spot / Melting Out 

Necrotic Ring Spot 
Net Blotch 

Pink Patch 
Pink Snow Mold / Microdochium Patch / Fusarium Patch 
Powdery Mildew 
Pythium Blight / Pythium Root Rot 

Red Thread 
Rhizoctonia Large Patch

Sclerotium Blight / Southern Blight 
Slime Mold 
Spring Dead Spot 
Stripe Smut 
Summer Patch 

Take-All Patch 
Take-All Root Rot / Bermudagrass Decline 

White Patch / White Blight 

Yellow Patch 
Yellow Tuft / Downy Mildew 

Turfgrass Disease Podcasts:
Brown Patch - Ohio State University
Dollar Spot - Ohio State University
Fairy Ring - Ohio State University
Gray Leaf Spot - Ohio State University
Large Patch - Ohio State University
Microdochium Patch - Ohio State University
Pythium Blight - Ohio State University
Red Thread - Ohio State University
Root Decline of Warm Season Turfgrasses - Ohio State University
Rust - Ohio State University
Seedling Disease of Cool Season Turfgrasses: Damping Off - Ohio State University

Turfgrass Disease Control Information

Disease Management - University of Massachusetts 
Identification and Management of Turfgrass Diseases - University of Missouri
Managing Turfgrass Diseases - Penn State University
Diseases of Warm Season Grasses - North Carolina State University
Diseases of Cool Season Grasses - North Carolina State University
Seasonal Activity of Turfgrass Pathogens - Purdue University 

Common Turfgrass Insects

Annual Bluegrass Weevil (Listronotus maculicollis
Red Imported Fire Ants (Solenopsis invicta
Armyworm (Pseudaletia unipuncta)
Bermudagrass Scale (Odonaspis ruthae)
 Bluegrass Billbug (Sphenophorus parvulus
 Hunting Billbug (Sphenophorus venatus vestitus
 Phoenician Billbug (Sphenophorus phoeniciensis)

Chinch Bugs 
 Hairy Chinch Bug (Blissus leucopterus hirtus
 Southern Chinch Bug (Blissus insularis
 Common Chinch Bug (Blissus leucopterus leucopterus
Crane Fly (Tipula paludosa
 Black Cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon
 Bronzed Cutworm (Nephelodes minians
 Variegated Cutworm (Peridroma saucia)

Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda
Fiery Skipper (Hylephila phyleus
Frit Fly (Oscinella frit)

Greenbug / Aphid (Schizaphis graminum
Ground Pearls (Margarodes meridionalis and Eumargarodes laingi)

Leafhoppers (Draeculacephala minerva and Deltacephalus sonorus)

 Eriophyid Mites 
  Bermudagrass Mite (Eriophyes cynodoniensis

  Zoysiagrass Mite (Eriophyes zoysiae
 Noneriophyid Mites 
  Clover Mite (Bryobia praetiosa

  Banks Grass Mite / Timothy Mite / Date Mite (Oligonychus pratensis
  Brown Wheat Mite (Petrobia latens
  Winter Grain Mite / Blue Oat Mite / Pea Mite (Pentheleus major
Mole Crickets 
Native Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa hexadactyla)

 Northern Mole Cricket (Neocurtilla hexadactyla)
 Southern Mole Cricket (Scapteriscus borellii
 Tawny Mole Cricket (Scapteriscus vicinus
 Short-winged Mole Cricket (Scapteriscus abbreviatus)

Rhodesgrass Mealybug  (Antonina graminis)

Sod Webworms (Crambus spp.)

Two-lined Spittlebugs (Prosapia bicincta)

White Grubs 
 Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica

 May and June Beetles (Phyllophaga species
 Masked Chafer 
  Northern Masked Chafer (Cyclocephala borealis
  Southern Masked Chafer (Cyclocephala lurida
 Green June Beetles (Cotinis nitida
 European Chafer (Rhizotrogus (Amphimallon) majalis
 Asiatic Garden Beetle (Maladera castanea
 Oriental Beetle (Exomala orientalis
 Black Turfgrass Ataenius (Ataenius spretulus)

Turfgrass Insect Podcasts:
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of the Bluegrass Billbug - Ohio State University
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of Black Turfgrass Ataenius - Ohio State University
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of Sod Webworms - Ohio State University
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of Cutworms - Ohio State University
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of Mole Crickets - Ohio State University
Description, Life Cycle, and Control of Grubs - Ohio State University
Sampling a Home Lawn - Southern Chinch Bug - University of
Soap Flush - Mole Crickets - University of Florida

Turfgrass Insect Control Information

Insecticide Recommendations for Arkansas - University of Arkansas
Monitoring and Treating Insects and Mites - University of California
IPM - Turfgrass and Insects - University of Missouri
Insect Management in Turf - North Carolina State University
Turfgrass Insect Management - Purdue University
Commercial Turfgrass Insect Control - University of Tennessee

General Turfgrass Pest Resources

Ornamental, Tree, and Turf Pest Control Training Manual - University of Arkansas
Pesticide Storage, Safety, and Disposal - University of Arkansas
Common Insect and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals in Alabama - Auburn University
2009 Pest Control Guidelines for Professional Turfgrass Managers - Clemson University
2010 Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Turfgrass - Cornell University
2009 Pest Control Guide for Turfgrass Managers - University of Florida
2010 Turfgrass Pest Control Recommendations for Professionals - University of Georgia
Turf IPM Program for Schools - Turf Maintenance Schedule - Iowa State University
Training Manual for Ornamental and Turf Pest Control - University of Kentucky
Turfgrass Pest Management Manual - North Carolina State University
2010 Pest Control for Professional Turfgrass Managers - North Carolina State University
Developing an Integrated Pest Management Program - Penn State University
Pest Control Recommendations for Lawn and Turf Areas, 2006 - Rutgers University
The Lawnopedia - Scotts Lawn Service
Turfgrass Disease Updates from University Professors 
Organic Turfgrass Management for Sports Fields - Ohio State University
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Sports Fields - Ohio State University
National Pesticide Information Retrieval System 
Pesticide Labels and MSDS Sheets 

Pest Control Presentations featured at STMA Conferences:
2015 - Advanced Weed Control for Athletic Field Turf - Gerald Henry, Ph.D., Jared A. Hoyle, Ph.D.
2015 -  Resisting the Resistance: Preventing and Managing Herbicide Resistant Weeds  - Article - Jay McCurdy, Ph.D.
2015 - Insect Management for Early Career Sports Turf Managers - Presentation Notes - David Shetlar, Ph.D.
2014 - Advanced Turf Disease Management: Maximizing Pesticide Applications to Improve Product Performance – Mike Fidanza, Ph.D.
2014 - Insect Control Update for Sport Fields – Current & Future Programs – David Shetlar, Ph.D
2014 - Establishing Pest Thresholds on School Grounds Article - Spanish Translation (pg 44) -  Don Savard, CSFM, CGM
2014 - What Are Your Weeds Telling You? – Gerald Henry, Ph.D.
2013 - STMA 115 - Weed Control in Newly Established and Overseeded Areas Jim Brosnan, Ph.D.
2013 - STMA 201 - New Strategies for Annual Bluegrass Control in Cool-Season Turfgrass Matt Elmore, Jim Brosnan, Ph.D. 
2013 - STMA 308 - Diagnosing Turf Problems Pamela Sherratt 
2012 - Reducing Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) Populations in Cool Season Athletic Field Turf  - Dr. Bruce Branham, Matt Giese
2012 - Renovation Tip: Using Herbicides to Prevent Weeds During Seeding of Cool Season Turfgrasses - Dr. Roch Gaussoin
2012 - Pesticides: Perception Versus Reality - Dr. Joseph Vargas, Jr.
2012 - Insect Control Update for 2012: an ever changing effort!  - Dr. David Shetlar
2012 - The Principles of Turfgrass Disease Diagnostics, Control Options, Modes of Action, and Fungicide Resistance - Dr. Joseph Vargas, Jr., Dr. Karl Danneberger
2012 - Helpful or Harmful?  Stinging Insects...Oh! My!  What you didn't learn in turf school! - Dr. David Shetlar
2011 - Sports Turf DiagnosticsRichard White, Ph.D.
2011 - Sports Turf Pest Control Update for 2011 - Dr. James Brosnan - PowerPoint Presentation ; Dr. David Shetlar - PowerPoint Presentation; Session Handout ; Dr. David Han - PowerPoint Presentation; Session Handout ; Janet Hurley - PowerPoint Presentation; Session Handout 

International Resources